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Ecological Impact Assessment (EcIA)

An Ecological Impact Assessment (EcIA) is formally required under an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), but can also be usefully employed on any development project to identify significant ecological impacts.

Best practice highlights that the EcIA should be an iterative process. This means that, as ecological information comes to light, the development design should be amended where possible to avoid significant harm to biodiversity. We fully support the approach and help our clients meet the principles of the avoid-mitigate-compensate hierarchy during the EcIA process.

Scoping

Scoping is the first step and includes an initial data gathering exercise, which is used to inform the content or scope of the full EcIA. We gather information on the proposed development, the ecology of the site and any relevant legislation and policies. A desk study draws on published material and databases held by local organisations. An extended Phase 1 habitat survey is used to identify the main habitat types and evaluate the potential of the development site to support important habitats and species. We may also consult other interested groups at this stage.

Detailed ecology surveys

Detailed ecology surveys may follow if the scoping exercise has shown that the development might affect sensitive or protected habitats or species. Critically, the season for these surveys may be limited, so early planning is essential to avoid delays to the project.

Evaluation of nature conservation value

We use the information we have collected to evaluate the importance of the site, its habitats and species. We use published guidelines to arrive at a level of value for the different components of the site, on a scale ranging from negligible to International importance.

Impact assessment

Interpretation of the survey data enables an assessment of the ecological impact of the development (e.g. loss of habitat); the magnitude of the impact (including positive and negative effects); and the significance of these, depending on the value of what is affected and how much.

Ecological Impact Assessment (EcIA)

Mitigation

We put forward measures to avoid, reduce or compensate for any impacts we have identified. In some cases, avoiding impacts is a legal requirement, such as not killing protected species. In others, mitigation may be required to satisfy planning policies and best practice guidance.

Residual impacts

The effect of the development on biodiversity, in the light of the proposed mitigation measures, is reassessed to determine the final (residual) impact.

Environmental statement

We present the results of our EcIA for inclusion in an Environmental Statement, giving decision makers all the relevant information on the ecological impact of the proposed development.